Curriculum Expectations and Achievement Levels:
The Ontario Curriculum Grades 1 – 8: Mathematics, 1997 has two elements: expectations and achievement levels. The expectations identified for each grade describe the knowledge and skills that students are expected to develop and to demonstrate in their class work, on tests, and in various other activities on which their achievement is assessed. Teachers will use their professional judgement in deciding which instructional methods will best foster the development of the skills and knowledge described in the expectations. They will base their decisions on the needs of students, the resources available, and the recognition that good teaching should build strong personal values and positive attitudes both towards the subject and towards learning in general. High achievement is the goal for all students, and teachers, students, and parents need to work together to help students meet the expectations specified.
The mathematics expectations are organized into five strands, which are the five major areas of knowledge and skills in the mathematics curriculum. The five strands are Number Sense and Numeration, Measurement, Geometry and Spatial Sense, Patterning and Algebra, and Data Management and Probability. All the knowledge and skills outlined in the expectations for the mathematics program are mandatory. The program in all grades is designed to ensure that students build a solid foundation in mathematics; they should, for example, understand a range of mathematical concepts, memorize necessary mathematical facts (.e.g. multiplication tables), learn and practise standard mathematical procedures, and apply mathematics in complex real-world situations.
All curriculum documents are available on line: www.edu.gov.on.ca
These documents are also available free of charge from the Ontario Government Bookstore, 880 Bay St. , Toronto .