The achievement of the objectives of the health and physical education program will not only enhance each student’s life but will also result in a healthier population. Students’ knowledge of the importance of daily vigorous physical activity will also help them understand how such activity combats health risks such as obesity and heart disease.
A comprehensive approach to health and physical education emphasizes the shared responsibility of parents, peers, schools, health-care systems, government, the media, and a variety of other institutions and agencies. Meaningful health and physical education also requires safe, health-promoting environments, support services from the community, and a school curriculum that makes health a priority in the school.
The curriculum’s major areas of knowledge and skills are organized around three strands:
- Healthy living includes healthy eating, growth and development, personal safety and injury prevention, and substance use and abuse.
- Fundamental movement skills includes locomotion/travelling, manipulation and stability.
- Active participation includes physical activity, physical fitness, living skills, and safety.
These strands combine the living skills (e.g. personal, interpersonal, communication, conflict-resolution, goal setting, organizational time-management, problem-solving, and decision-making skills) that all students require.